Long-term impacts of coronavirus sickness are becoming more common knowledge, with the so-called Long Covid reportedly causing issues including hair loss and diminished libido, as revealed by researchers at the University of Birmingham in Britain.
In the United Kingdom, Chronic Covid affects around 2 million persons who have coronavirus infection yet continue to suffer from its aftereffects.
Long-term symptoms, especially those that are often reported like weariness and shortness of breath, may have a devastating effect on a person’s ability to function normally, quality of life, and employment prospects.
However, there is a significantly wider range of Covid’s long-term symptoms. There were 62 symptoms linked to Long-term Covid-19 that were documented in a recent study by British researchers published in Nature Medicine.
Although most persons infected with coronavirus have been handled in general care, most of the early research into long-term Covid was conducted among hospitalized patients. Therefore, there is less data about the effects of long-term Covid in those with initially milder illnesses.
More than 450,000 patients in England with a confirmed Covid diagnosis and 1.9 million people without a prior history of Covid were included in the research, which reviewed electronic primary care data from January 2020 to April 2021. Statistics showed a high degree of similarity between the two groups in terms of demographic, social, and clinical factors. Then, we compared how patients from different groups reported 115 symptoms to their doctors. Those infected with Covid were evaluated at least a year from the time of diagnosis.
The researchers discovered that those with a Covid diagnosis were considerably more likely to report 62 symptoms, of which only 20 are included in the World Health Organization’s clinical case definition for long-term COVID.
A loss of smell, difficulty breathing, and extreme weariness were all to be anticipated. However, we discovered other unexpected and less well-known symptoms substantially related with COVID after 12 weeks, including hair loss and lower libido. In addition, patients had chest discomfort, fever, bowel incontinence, erectile dysfunction, and peripheral edema.
After controlling for age, sex, ethnicity, socioeconomic position, body mass index, smoking status, the presence of over 80 health problems, and the prior reporting of the same symptom, these variations in reported symptoms between infected and uninfected groups maintained.
It also found that a higher risk of reporting persistent symptoms more than 12 weeks after coronavirus infection was linked to being younger, female, belonging to certain ethnic minorities, having a lower socioeconomic status, smoking, being overweight, and having a wide variety of health conditions.
Based on the reported symptom clusters, the research reveals that long-term Covid may be classified into three categories. About 80% of the study’s participants with long-term Covid reported several symptoms, including weariness, headache, and discomfort. About 15% of the population also had cognitive and mental health issues. These included things like sadness, anxiety, brain malfunction, and sleeplessness. The remaining 5 percent fell into the third category, and their primary complaints were respiratory in nature, including shortness of breath and coughing.